Radiometric dating problem set
" How did one group of organisms or set of molecules evolve from another?" The coauthors of the book cited above, while vigorously opposing the neo-Darwinian concept of gradual evolution by random mutation and natural selection, are not endorsing the "punctuated equilibrium" hypothesis of Gould and others, and certainly not creationism.A further curiosity is that, once the brain was fully formed, the enormous differentiation of cultures occupied mere millennia, while only the twinkling of an evolutionary eye separates us from the earliest records of any civilization.Of course, none of this is strange or curious if one is willing to accept the Biblical record of the origin of the human brain and the origin of civilization.However, it is sadly true that biologists and other life scientists are thoroughly committed to evolutionism.This is especially true of the biological "establishment." A recent poll of the members of the National Academy of Sciences found that, although commitment to atheism was predominant among the leading scientists in all fields, biologists were more so than others.The tremendous complexity of even the simplest forms of life is seemingly impossible to explain by evolution. The genetic code which governs the reproduction process in all creatures is extremely complex, clearly implying intelligent design. Their analysis has shown it to be the best of more than a billion billion possible codes. Such questions include, for example: "How do new structures arise in evolution?
Gould is an inevitable by-product of an age-old controversy which most scientists now acknowledge to be simplistic and well past its sell-by-date. As far as the field is concerned, the punctuationists find their main evidence in the ubiquitous evolutionary gaps in the fossil record.
This restriction does not preclude "variation," of course, since no two individuals of the same kind are ever exactly alike.
Such "horizontal" recombinations, within the created kinds, are proper subjects of scientific study and so do not conflict with the Bible.
The very first divine commandment given to man was: "Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth" (Genesis ).
This "dominion mandate," as it has been called, is in effect a command to "do science," for Adam and his descendants could only "subdue" the earth and "have dominion" over all its living creatures by learning their nature and functions.